Results showed higher cortisol reactivity in children who perceived the task as more stressful. However, the results showed that children with ASD averted their gaze considerably more while listening than typically developing participants. Instead, we see elevated GA during listening, the point within interaction where typically developing children attend most closely to the face of their interlocutor when visual communication cues facilitate their understanding of questions e. Indeed many of the classic descriptions of the disorder focus on a lack of interest in others and the atypical use of gaze e. Status of current research.
Gaze aversion is not always used to avoid unpleasant fear-inducing stimuli. Another study from Northumbria University, showed that children on the autism spectrum also use gaze aversion as a means to think and analyze material. In fact, this strategy is used by all people as a tool to retrieve memories.
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De Veld and colleagues investigated how the use of gaze aversion as a behavioral response to a stressor is related to cortisol reactivity. They explain that the development of adequate use of gaze aversion as a coping strategy could be an important skill in children’s development. Gaze aversion as a cognitive load management strategy in autism spectrum disorder and Williams syndrome. During face-to-face questioning, typically developing children and adults use gaze aversion (GA), away from their questioner, when thinking. GA increases with question difficulty and improves the accuracy of responses. Jul 28, · Gaze aversion as a cognitive load management strategy in autism spectrum disorder and Williams syndrome. Gaze aversion as a cognitive load management strategy in autism spectrum disorder and Williams syndrome. sociability and atypical face gaze) and Williams syndrome (WS; associated with hypersociability and atypical face gaze) use GA.